Is an ideal that can be summarized as: "All people have a right to a clean environment, and all people have a right to accessible natural resources."¹ This right is grounded in the fact that while environmental hardships effect everyone, vulnerable and poor populations often suffer a larger and unequal share of those burdens.
Environmental racism recognizes that people of color suffer a disproportionate amount of environmental harm due to institutional and governmental regulations, policies, and decisions. Eliminating environmental racism is one of the necessary steps to achieving environmental justice.
The NIMBY - "Not In My BackYard" - phenomenon (Wikipedia) is one of the most common ways that environmental racism and injustice is perpetrated and sustained.
A wide variety of topics can be examined as issues of environmental justice and/or environmental racism. In general, for a topic to be considered an environmental justice topic it must:
For a topic to be considered environmental racism the race or ethnicity of those involved must also be a factor.